There is organic farming in India from ancient times. So, it is not new in India. It is different method of cultivating with the aim of cultivating the land growing crops in such a way to protect the soil alive and in good condition without pollution. The organic farming in India is done with the organic wastes which include the waste of animals, farms, crops and aquatic wastes. It also include the biological materials which help to increase the productivity in an Eco-friendlily and pollution free environment. According to the definition of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), farming is the system of farming without utilizing the synthetic inputs such as hormones, pesticides, fertilizers and feed additives and rely upon crop residues, crop rotation, off-farm organic waste, animal manures and biological system. Organic farming culture protects and enhances the ecosystem health on biological and mechanical methods and on farm- organic with the exclusion of synthetic inputs. The organic farming in India became well known as it protects the health of all the living beings. That is the reason why there came many organic companies in India. Today in India, in all cities there are well known companies which promote the organic farming. The organic companies in Pune are well known for its contribution to the farming.
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Need of organic farming The main thing is that the future lies in the hands of the organic farming. With the increase of the population, one will not only like to stabilize the agricultural products but also increase the production in a sustainable manner. The scientists have realized the need of it. So the advice that there should be a balance maintained at all cost for survival of life and property. The obvious choice is to concentrate much on the organic farming to maintain a balance. It is essential to know the various ways of the organic farming is done especially the organic farming in India. The organic companies in India follow all of these steps and methods for good farming. Crop diversity Now a days a new trend has come into place which is called poly-culture. By using this technique many crops can be cultivated together and it helps meet the increasing demand of the crops. This is just opposite of the traditional way of agriculture which was known as mono culture. In this style only one type of the crop was cultivated. Soil Management After doing the cultivation, the soil loses its nutrients and the quality decreases. But the organic farming in India promotes the way of protecting the natural ways to increase the fertility and health of the soil. it concentrates on bacteria which is there on the waste of the animals and it helps to make the nutrients of the soil more productive and enhances the soil. Weed Management Weed is the unwanted plants which grows in the field of agriculture. Organic farming helps to lower it rather than removing it from the field completely. Controlling other organisms There are many useful and very harmful organisms in the field of agriculture which affects the farming and the filed. So, the growth of such organisms in the filed should be controlled and prevented for the effective organic farming in India and to protect the soil. The use of pesticides and herbicides can prevent growing such organisms in the field. But these pesticides and herbicides should have less chemical and should be natural. And also proper sanitation should be maintained to protect the filed from such organisms. Livestock: For the sustainability of the organic farm, the organic farming in India instigates the use of the domestic animals.
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Genetic Modification: General modifications are not used in the organic farming as this is a system of using only the natural ways for farming. It discourages the modern engineered animals and plants. These are some of the main things or first steps that are kept in mind when doing organic farming. The organic farming companies should focus on these to realize a complete natural farming. Deviating from these points may result in the failure of the organic farming and will be a harm to the soil.